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Only per section view of a portion of it is shown

9 This practice also applies sicuro the drawing pair found on f. 12r (the Duchess’s Pavilion, or, il casotto della duchessa) and that of f. 27r (ribbed vault patterns of interlaced arches).

10 This norm holds also for the pair per f. 15r (with per wood truss roof over per square plan).

It had two doors, and in this the people gathered sicuro conduct the parliament

11 This problem also occurs per the graphic transposition of steps sopra Alberti’s De monarca aedificatoria. Consider, for example, the proportions of the three planimetric typologies for basilicas (simple, with causidica, and double-doored) that do not take into account the wall thickness (Alberti, De regnante aedificatoria VII.14).

12 It is verso church with two levels attrezzi on per square base with an inscribed octagon. See also note 7.

And then they began by degrees puro build it all around

13 For the proportioning of the cupola of Santa Maria del Ornamento and the geometric positioning of the intermediate ribs (sixteen con total, located per pairs, side by side, among the eight angle ribs), see D’Agata, Di Teodoro and Mancini ( 1977 ) and Di Teodoro ( 2012 ).

14 Con the first (Fig. 3 ), f. 34v, the plan is organized around per central bulatory columns is derived from the intersection of circles having radii equal esatto half the side of the octagon, alternately planting the compass point durante the https://datingranking.net/it/abdlmatch-review/ centers of the sides and at the angles. The reference esatto an accretive method characterizes three sides of the figure. Per fact, to the circles with centers at the angles are added those concentric circles with radii equal esatto the sides. Contrary to what appears per Leonardo’s freehand drawing, these larger circles do not pass through the intersections of the smaller ones. Per the second drawing (Fig. 4 ), f. 35r, instead, the columns are identified by the intersections of concentric circles, alternately with radius equal to half the side of the octagon, and with radius equal to the line joining the centerlines of two adjacent sides. The latter circles define the outer perimeter of per centralized building of eight lobes buttressed (or articulated with pilasters), as shown sopra the left portion of the drawing, where one wall thickness is called out con correspondence with four arches. Per the first case the columns are arranged with a greater regularity (they are two different on-center intercolumniations) than the second (where there are three types of intercolumniations).

15 Leonardo also examines the ‘anta da predicare’ (preaching theater) mediante f. 55r of Ms. B (‘theaters for saying mass’) and f. 95r of the same codex (‘place for preaching’). The design of f. 55r, on the other hand, executed mediante pen, shows verso centralized scheme (a square with four exedrae – one drawn in pencil – and ambulatories), but hints at, with the extension of some pencil lines, a possible longitudinal body – verso solution that is taken up and developed mediante f. 35v. As it is well-known, the ‘preaching theater’ consists of an amphitheater-like structure (or simply per centralized scheme), tiered, and provided with per high central pulpit. It is plausible to garantisse that sopra conceiving of such an architecture Leonardo was influenced by ‘parlagio’, verso term used con Florence to refer puro an ancient public amphitheater, home, according onesto local historians, of the ‘parliament’. Villani ( 1990, 1: 56 ) writes: ‘And mediante that room was commanded that they should go in the borgo of Camarti by the river Arno, and build there per parlatorio mediante order onesto be able sicuro make the parliament, and leave a memorial: this building con our vernacular we have called Parlagio. And it was built turno and with vaulted roof con some ways quite marvelous, with verso public square mediante the middle. And then little by little they progressed above the vaults, going all the way to the full height, which was more than 60 braccia. And sopra progressive order the people seated themselves: mediante the upper side nobles, and then descending mediante accordance with the nobility; and so it was that everyone sopra the parliament saw one another face puro face. And all could hear clearly that which was spoken; and it contained easily an endless multitude of people; and the correct name for this place was the parlatorio (convegno parlor). This was destroyed per the time of Totile, but still today we find the foundations and part of the vaults near the church of San Simone mediante Florence, extending all the way esatto the via of Foro Santa Preoccupazione; and part of the Peruzzi palaces are built on its foundations. And the street called Anguillaia, which goes to the church of Santa Tormento, goes almost sicuro the middle of that Parlagio.’ The Ms. B also bears other Florentine remembrance notes: in f. 11v Leonardo drew plans (incomplete) of the Spartitraffico degli Angeli and the Societa of Consacrato Spirito.